Background
 

Waste management and Bottle-brick House Project was initiated by the EXO Foundation (www.exofoundation.org) and established a partnership with COMPED-Waste Management; and provide funding for technical training of Know-how for bottle brick construction in Siem Reap city by Husk Cambodia Organization (www.huskcambodia.org). Also the foundation has supported a pilot project implementation having 3-months period starting from 1st February and will finish 30th April 2015 for improving community sanitation focusing on community free of plastics and construction of a plastic house on the existing infrastructure of composting facility of COMPED-WM, which is already existing concrete foundation, main poles and metal roof (10m*30m). The proposed plastic bottle house is 6m width, 10m length and 4m height. It has 2 rooms, which are a bed room and a dining room with kitchen with 1 main door; 5 large windows; and 1 small transparent panel on the wall to see the image of the inside wall. The wall is mainly used plastic bottles filled with compact plastic bags inside.

 
Overall Objective

The overall objective is to reduce plastic waste being thrown out in natural areas, and to find economic alternatives to reuse and recycle waste which are currently not being collected. Create new economic activities for disadvantaged locals.

 

Specific Objectives:

  • To construct buildings at reduced costs, to train some people to develop this activity.
  • To sensitise tourists and locals to the consequences of using and throwing away plastic.
 

Project scope and description including detailed activities planned:

There are 4 main activities to develop this project:

 

Activity 1:

Train local some waste pickers in same location where bottle house is constructed, previously selected and willing to undertake this task, on how to sort the plastic waste, clean it and fill the bottles. Bottle collection can be made as well through hotels that use hundreds every day. Create a comic strip to be distributed to locals explaining the risks of waste anarchic disposal on people and environment.

 

Activity 2:

Design building according to expectations and select a few masons to be trained on how to develop this concept.

 

Activity 3:

To disseminate sensitisation materials on waste management and use the building constructed as a model.

 

Activity 4:

Continuous training and construction of such buildings benefiting the poorest.

 

Result

According to the data of plastic bottle from community, most of them understand how to manage plastic waste from their resident. Ms. Keo Chantha from Ponleu Kamakor community said “I always dispose plastic bag from market into the bin, but now I keep it to fill in plastic bottle. So, it is an activity to reduce plastic waste in their community especially the landfill. Moreover, Ms. Sey Sary from Samaky community said “I am happy to do this temporary work because I can earn extra money from the project to support my livelihood and less waste generation. I hope I can sale plastic bottle in permanent (continuous project).

 

River bank campaign is the second strategy to reduce plastic waste along Sangke River beside community cleanness. However, it isn’t unique activity because we had shown to the community about river bank cleanness as well as community cleanness. So, river bank, community and household must be clean in the same way. Back to the river bank campaign, this activity mostly got success cause COMPED and Battambang municipality try to explain citizens along river side during the campaign to manage their solid waste in properly and do not throw away to the river bank. For people who littering solid waste into the river bank must be fine from 10,000Riel to 100,000Riel. Honestly, according to my observation for a few days after the campaign, the river bank is clean and better than before.

 

As conclusion, awareness raising is very important for the people to understand about the cost and effect and the benefit of proper solid waste management in a short-term and long term period. People participation is very important and would be able to spread effectively from communities to communities.

 

All in all, changing consumption pattern of plastic would contribute to economy of the buyers and sellers, reduce raw material and so reduce waste and last but not least reduction its impact to human health, animal and environmental burden (from soil pollution, air pollution and water pollution…)

 
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