Pilot Project to Promote Composting for Climate Change Mitigation in Battambang City

 

July 2012 - January 2013
 
1 background
 

In July 2012, COMPED and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (hereafter as IGES) (Japan) started a project to promote composting of organic waste for climate change mitigation in Battambang city with the cooperation of Phitsanulok Municipality (Thailand). One of the main activities of the project is to provide training and implement a pilot project for source separation of organic waste at and around the markets “Phsar Thmey”, “Phsar Nat”, and “Phsar Boeng Chhouk” since those markets emit a high amount and percentage of organic waste at one place and they are suitable for conducting a small scale project, which is at an initial stage. Other main activities are to conduct data collection of waste quantity sent to dumpsites and compost, and estimate GHG emission reduction under MRV (Monitoring, Reporting, and Verifying) perspective view.

2 Activities and overall outcomes of the pilot project implementation for 6 months

 

The following activities have been conducted:

  • Study to ur and capacity building (including paricipanting planning for Batambang city's MSWM) under collaboration with Phitsanulok Municipality, Thailand (The Battambang participants of the training workshop in Phitsanulok were: two from provincial administrative and office, four from city administrative, two from commune council, two from market committee, one market investor, one from the composting center, one vice general director of waste collection company, and seven were vendors and residents.) 
  • Pilot project implementation for organic waste separation at source by public participation
  • Consultation and monitoring by IGES Japan and other stakeholders from Phitsanouluk Municipality, Thailand; and
  • Data collection of waste quantity and estimation of GHG emission reduction

The waste separation promotion at the three markets in Battambang city has been started at the same time with the same method of the promotion campaign. In addition, intensive awareness raising activities were allocated for vendors that sell vegetables and fruits who discard a lot of compostable waste.
The outcomes of pilot project implementation of the three markets were different. There is much progress at the Phsar Boeng Chhouk (privately owned market) because the owner has fully committed to the project. Furthermore, he has experience of hygienic conditions in Europe.
There is an obstacle at the two markets that needs to be handled by the government. This is because there is one stakeholder that has not cooperated with the project, the market cleaning company. This company is not interested in the project because it does not see the benefits for its business operation, and its contract is going to expire next year. Therefore, there is no waste from these markets delivered to the composting plant because waste that was separated, was mixed together by the market cleaners.
Additionally, it is observed that the awareness raising campaign is effective, to some extent. Some vendors began to separate the waste and keep their space clean. Some complain that the project should also take care of plastic waste, which is a good sign of public awareness on environment and sanitation issues.
CINTRI, as the waste collection company in the city, is in charge to collect waste from Phsar Thmey, Phsar Nat, and households around the market. In the current situation, it was hard for CINTRI to collect the organic waste and non-organic waste separately, due to the mixed waste at collection points at Phsar Thmey and Phsar Nat.
COMPED, as the operator of the composting facility, is expected to receive compostable waste from all target markets. However, COMPED has received the organic waste only from Phsar Boeng Chhouk. The organic waste received at the composting center has gradually increased.

 

3 Constraints

 

Factors of problems are seen such as limited time and awareness; stakeholder participatory (key direct actors are vendors, market cleaners, waste transporters and composting operators); role sharing and the responsibility; and equipment and system for the implementation of waste separation at source.

 
 


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